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Alphonse Mucha originally conceived the idea of creating the Slav Epic in 1900, at the time of the World Fair in Paris. In 1910 he and his family returned from their long-term stay in France and the United States to Bohemia. In his 50´s Mucha started painting the first canvases in the Castle of Zbiroh, outside Prague. It took a further 18 years for him to create all the canvases. In 1928 the whole Slav Epic cycle was exhibited in the Fair Palace in Prague and the painter donated it to the Czech people. After the second World War the Slav Epic was taken to the town of Moravský Krumlov. There, in the Castle of Moravský Krumlov, the cycle has been exhibited since 1963.

The Slav Epic consists of 20 monumental paintings expressing scenes from Czech national history and the history of the other Slav nations.

The painter himself wrote: "The purpose of my work was never to destroy but always to create, to construct bridges, because we must live in the hope that humankind will draw together and that the better we understand each other the easier this will become."